Naming glossary

Agnomen: a nickname given to a person by the ancient Romans, usually in honor of military victories.

Alias: alternate or assumed name for someone or something. A false name used to conceal one's identity.

Allonym: a name of an often historical person assumed by another, such as a author using the name for concealment or other purpose.

Anthropony: The name of a person.

Anthroponymy: The study of personal names.

Antonomasia: Use of an epithet or a title in place of a proper name, as in addressing a king as his excellency or a nurse as nurse.

Birth name: the given name of a person at birth, especially that of an adoptee before he or she is renamed. In some cultures only a childhood name. Term sometimes used for maiden name (surname before marriage).

Christian name: A first name formally given to a child at a Christian baptism.

Cognomen: the third of the three names for the ancient Romans, such as Caius Julius Caesar or Marcus Tullius Cicero; (Honorary) nickname.

Domain name (internet): strings of letters, numbers and dashes, seperated with periods used to name organizations and computers and addresses on the internet.

Eponym: The name of a real or imaginary person after which a particular tribe, place, era, discovery, or other item is named.

Eponymous: Something eponymous is named after a particular person. E.g. self-titled with the name of the owner of maker.

Etiological myth: a myth intended to explain the origins of proper names, cult practices, natural phenomena, or create a mythic history for a place or family.

Etymology: The study of the origin and derivation of words, and the history of change of their form and meaning.

Ethnonym: A proper name of an Ethnic group.

Family name: Part of a person's name indicating the family to which the person belongs.

First name: type of a given name that is at the beginning of a person's personal name, preceeding the surname. Also known as a forename.

Generation name: one of the characters in a traditional Chinese name. Given at birth for family members in the same generation.

Given name: the primary name given to a person, usually by the child's parents.

Hydronym: A proper name of a body of water.

Initial: The first letter of a word or a name.

Last name: type of a surname or family name that is at the end of a person's full name, succeeding the given names, as normally in many cultures.

Maiden name: A woman's surname before she is married, for cultures where a woman's name customarily changes when she is married. Also called birth name.

Name suffix: follows a person's full name and provides additional information about the person, such as academic suffixes (M.Sc. for Master of Science), honorary suffixes (K.B.E. for a Knights Commander), professional (Esq., for attorneys) and generational titles (jr. for Junior).

Nick name: a familiar name of a person or thing other than its proper name. It can be a shortened version of the proper name ('Joe' for Joseph), or a substitute.

Middle name: name that is between the first given name and the surname.

Namesake: (sometimes "name's sake"): A person or something with the same name as another. Especially: A person or something named after another.

Onomastics: The study of the origins, forms and classification of all kinds of proper names.

Paedonymic: A name given to a person derived from his or her child.

Palindromic name: Name that is spelled the same backward as forward, such as Ada, Anna, Bob, Eve, Hannah, Natan and Onno.

Patronymic: a name derived from that of a (male) parent or ancestor, such as O'- in Irish or a suffix such as -son in English.

Matronymic: a name derived from that of a female parent or ancestor.

Personal name: proper name that identifies an individual person.

Posthumous name: honorary name given to royalty in some cultures after the person's death, commonly used in China, Korea, Vietnam, and Japan.

Proper name: content words that can be used to refer to an unique individual person, place or thing.

Pen name: A fictitious name assumed by an author.

Pseudonym: A fictitious name assumed, especially by authors, to conceal identity.

Regnal name: A name, used by a monarch or pope during their reign (also called reign name).

Surname: name added to a given name, in many cases inherited and held in common by members of a family. Originally designated occupation, estate, place of residence, or some particular thing or event that related to the person.

Stage name: name that performers and entertainers such as actors and musicians use instead of their real name.

Temple name: Commonly used when naming most Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese royalty.

Toponym: Proper name of a place, or a personal name derived from a place name.

Unisex name: a given name that is often given to either a boy or a girl.

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